What exactly is the difference of organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer?. We can distinguish them in accordance with their names, chemical fertilizers is the fertilizer, which is produced through the process of chemical manipulation (with the help of chemical compounds) to produce substances as efficacious plant fertilizer. Whereas natural organic fertilizer/manure is generated via natural processes in making efficacious plant fertilizer substances without any chemical manipulation.
Basically, the production process distinguishes the organic fertilizer and chemical fertilizer, but the substances that are produced and utilized by plants from chemical and organic fertilizers are the same. It’s just chemical fertilizers are only rich with certain substances which are not balanced so that when it’s released to the environment, it will be discharged continuously and will cause an inefficient provision of the chemical structure of soil that will ultimately affect the nutrient content which should be balanced on the vegetables.
Unlike chemical fertilizer, organic fertilizers produced by natural processes created by the microorganisms in the soil. Because it is produced naturally, then the content of organic fertilizer is rich in substances that are naturally balanced and needed by the soil and plants.
Making Organic Fertilizer For Healthy Vegetable Consumption
Before we start to set up the best organic fertilizer for a vegetable garden, it will be a good idea to consider what kind of plant we will fertilize. In this article, what we will discuss is the fertilizer for the healthy vegetables, vegetable plants are short-lived, therefore the proper organic fertilizer we use is organic fertilizer which has been matured/ready to use as an organic fertilizer.
The materials we used to make organic fertilizer can be leftover vegetables, leaves, and other organic materials derived from plants/animal droppings. The Process to make organic fertilizer is the process by which we often refer to as composting. Composting is the decomposition process of organic materials by microorganisms so organic substances which are the complex organic materials decompose into a simpler organic matter structure. With more simpler structures, the organic materials, that we often refer to as nutrient substances, can be utilized by the plant.
Making Organic Fertilizer:
Before we start to make organic fertilizer for vegetable gardens, prepare ingredients like leftover vegetables, leaves, and animal dung (cow/ox/goat/chicken/rabbit etc.). Prepare the starter bacteria, also can be purchased at gardening or farming store, or simply use cow/goat dung that has been left on the soil approximately 1 week so that the dirt has rotted.
Here’s a simple way of making home-based organic fertilizers:
- Collect the remnants of vegetables into one container.
- Prepare the hole as deep as 30-50 cm above the ground, with a diameter of 30 cm.
- Input the remnants of vegetable into the hole, mix cow/goat dung. With a ratio for 1 kg vegetable for 1-2 tit for goat/cow manure.
- Add 1 tit for a smooth soil.
- Add Em4 starter in the water or another starter as much as ¼-½ liters for 1 kg leftover vegetables (preferably a starter previously mixed with water, here’s how: ¼-1/2 liter starter diluted with 1 liter of water). Once diluted, smother the starter into the hole that contains the vegetables. If you don’t use the starter, then the process of composting will be longer.
- Mix/stir remaining vegetables.
- Cover the hole with the perforated board/other suitable perforated covers.
- If you used the starter bacteria the process can take from 1-2 weeks, if you did not use the starter bacteria the composting process can take place longer for about 1-2 months.
- When the process complete, lift and let sit for 1 day on open air to cool down the temperature because the composting process will raise the temperature.
You may also want to read this previous article: How To Build A Hydroponic Garden and Hydroponics Systems For Beginners